Chief Employment ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE: Macon-Bibb County Fire Department 1191 First St. Macon, GA 31201 P: (478) 751-9180 F: (478) 751-9137 Fire Stations Emergency Notification Human Trafficking Notice Open Records Request For Employees Career Do Not Sell My Personal Information, If you need further help setting your homepage, check your browsers Help menu, Open the tools menu in your browser. Sandy Springs . Almost 70% of those calls are emergency medical responses. ATLANTA, Ga. (Atlanta News First) - A raging fire sent large plumes of smoke billowing across Cohutta early Sunday morning. . Firefighters at Station 15, the city's busiest, work in crews of four. Department Name: New York, NY: Total Calls: 2,200,000: Total Fire Calls: The proximity of Plainfield to the Indianapolis International Airport and the city of . Radar Legends. The average monthly calls for the year . The numbers are up by almost 5,000 from 2019. If I come to the Game, I'm Playing. More than 220 offenders are assigned to the offender firefighter program. Light. With 58,474 being medical calls and 8,673 of those were for fires. This call, is one of their most frequent a possible overdose on Skid Row. Alton Fire Department Stacy Baron P.O. ln 2021, the Brunswick Fire Department responded to 3,418 emergency alarms. M-BIRS is a tool for law enforcement. During his annual report to the City Council, Feb. 21, Fire Chief Craig Seelen said it was actually the "busiest on record." In all, the department had 208 calls for service in 2022, a 15% increase over the 181 it received in 2021 which was also a record, at the time. Were a very busy department, with some engine companies responding to 5,000 calls per year, said Chief OBrien. Alston Fire Department in Georgia. Table may not total 100 percent due to rounding. and that the data you submit is exempt from Do Not Sell My Personal Information requests. He is an American Heart Association certified CPR and . You must enable JavaScript in your browser to view and post comments. Yeah DC's 10 engine was the 2nd busiest last year: Also, in regards to Firehouse Magazines run tally, not all career departments send in their information to be added, because you know, that's not cool, it's too buffy wackerish for some high and mighty career departments, so the results are really not accurate. Not to get in this fight but I believe in last years firehouse run total that a San Francisco engine comp was the busiest. Ambulance bills may be paid in the Douglas County Finance Department. It can also be hazardous. Continuing the efforts to diversify the fire department, Mayor Maynard Jackson ordered the hiring of seven African-American women to serve as firefighters in 1977.[9]. Other Agencies. Identify and maintain an adequate outside water source, such as a pool or small pond. It will take you directly to the various Fire Departments in the chosen State. Tim Milligan joined the Marietta Fire Department in 1997. Percentage of fire departments registered with the registry that provided specialized services. Anyone know where i can view this information? Create a Website Account - Manage notification subscriptions, save form progress and more. The Kentland Volunteer Fire Department is comprised of two firehouses, Company 33 and Company 46. In 2020, the national average was 2.3 deaths and 7.9 injuries per 1,000 fires. Safe Kids Savannah /QuickLinks.aspx. Information found on is strictly for informational purposes and does not construe legal, financial or medical advice. Journal staff photo Hudson County's firefighters were the busiest in the state in 2008. The state of Georgia is ranked 33rd in Fire Departments per capita, and 22nd in Fire Departments per square mile. APPLETON, Wis. One of Georgias busiest fire departments will receive nine new pumpers in early 2014. You may not use this site for the purposes of furnishing consumer reports about search subjects or for any use prohibited by the FCRA. High blood pressure is the silent killer! There is 1 Fire Department per 4,796 people, and 1 Fire Department per 27 square miles. Fire Department About Us Training Prevention Suppression Fire Stations Fire Dept. The Douglas County Fire Department offers a full range of fire and emergency medical services, including: If services were rendered prior to May 1, 2015, please contact Sabrina Cogburn at 770-920-7592. An official website of the State of Georgia. Your input regarding our performance helps us to meet these goals. In addition to obtaining a burning permit, residents must follow all burning guidelines. Follow the links on the right to locate a CPR class near you, watch the video demonstrations, or download a free Android app. When including the total runs under the entire organization, FDNY is by far the busiest. Sweetwater's Station 29 responded to 15,598 calls making it the tenth busiest firehouse in North America. What is the busiest fire department in the US? The Plainfield Fire Territory is the busiest fire department in Hendricks County, responding to more than 6,000 emergency calls annually. Clear combustible material within 20 feetof your home. Be aware of recent weather. Visit Firewise USA for more information on how to prepare your home for a wildfire. We enhance the quality of life of this generation and of future generations through awareness of hazardous materials and their threat to our environment. Load More Content. GDC fire stations service portable fire extinguishers for all facilities. Stringer said employees are tired and burned out. Our purpose is to save lives, protect property, and promote safety. The chief said the police department building is a total loss. Once the heart stops beating, brain death can occur in 4 to 6 minutes. Structure Fires in Office Properties, U.S. Approximately 40,000 Soldiers, families and civilians with the U.S. Army Forces Command and U.S. Army . A woman lay unconscious beneath the seats of a bus shelter at . . County Office is not affiliated with any government agency. The following is a list of fire departments in the U.S. state of Georgia : This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. Unit 1, Air Unit 7, Air Shuttle Unit, Mini-Pumper 11, Swift Water/Dive Rescue Unit, Med. See the interactive map below for more details. Performing CPR provides oxygen to the brain and other vital organs to give the victim the best chance of full recovery after EMS takes over. What is the busiest fire department in the US? Lexipol. Pierce Manufacturing received an order for nine Pierce Arrow XT custom pumpers from the DeKalb County Fire and Rescue Department. Unit 2, ARFF 7, ARFF 8, ARFF Reserve, Med 3, ARFF 3, ARFF 4, Squad 47, Stair Unit 48, This page was last edited on 16 February 2023, at 06:04. An official website of the State of Georgia. City Manager. [8] The Winecoff Hotel had been advertised as "absolutely fireproof." In Georgia, the fire season is during the dry and windy months of February through May. There are 47 Fire Departments in Detroit, Michigan, serving a population of 679,865 people in an area of 139 square miles.There is 1 Fire Department per 14,465 people, and 1 Fire Department per 2 square miles.. US Fish & Wildlife Service. Truck 64 - is the 21st busiest Ladder truck in the country with 3,296 runs in 2017. A three-platoon system is utilized with firefighters working twenty-four hour shifts, followed by forty-eight hours off duty. *Includes hazardous material, other Hazardous condition and other. Following release, a total of50 former inmatesare known to have been hired at free world stations. Download the guidance in PDF Map of all the USA Fire Departments List of Fire Stations by States For your convenience, you can click either on the map of the USA Fire Departments, or click on the fire dept listings link in the menu. [8] All of the hotel's occupants above the fire's origin on the third floor were trapped, and the fire's survivors either were rescued from upper-story windows or jumped into nets held by firemen. In 2020, the national average was 6.0 deaths and 21.7 injuries per 1,000 fires. Department of Public Health and the Department of Fire Services. Home. There are 122 Fire Departments in Oakland County, Michigan, serving a population of 1,241,860 people in an area of 868 square miles.There is 1 Fire Department per 10,179 people, and 1 Fire Department per 7 square miles.. During the civil rights movement, members of the African-American community pressured the Mayor and City Council of Atlanta to integrate the city's fire department. Their commitment and compassion extends to areas including, but not limited to, fire prevention, fire suppression, hazard mitigation, and training. FireRescue1 is revolutionizing the way the fire service community New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Washington, D . Georgia Arson Control Hotline. A three-platoon system is utilized with firefighters working twenty-four-hour shifts, followed by forty-eight hours off duty. ), the station was built upon the former property of Theodore "Tiger" Flowers, the world's first African American middleweight champion. (source: CAL FIRE.GOV) 3.LACountyFD 4.LAFD 5.-Chicago FD 6.-Houston FD 7.-Montreal FD What are the top five busiest fire. Similarly, if PG Station 33 is the busiest volunteer engine, and PG Station 18 is 1 run behind them,. Busiest fire Company, That would be Rescue 2. They then assign a Public Protection Classification from 1 to 10. Local, state, and federal government websites often end in .gov. All Douglas County Firefighters are certified by the Georgia Firefighters Standards and Training Council. [5][6], The Great Atlanta fire of 1917 broke out in the Old Fourth Ward around 12:30 pm on May 21, 1917. 12501 Veterans Memorial Highway Blake Gammill Memorial Douglasville GA 30134. Keep handy household items that can be used as fire tools: arake, axe, handsaw or chainsaw, bucket and shovel. Enter and click OK. [3], The Atlanta Fire Rescue Department got its start in February 1848 when residents were ordered to have fire buckets ready in their homes. The Fire Marshal'sOffice Consists of Five Sections, which are (1) Fire Inspections; (2) Public Education; (3) Training; (4) Plan Reviews; (5) Fire Investigations. If youve ever dreamt of being a firefighter or are interested in joining the most rewarding career there is, then come join us in serving citizens of The City of Brunswick. Under the leadership of Interim Fire Chief Tim White, the department serves with duty, honor and courage. The means if FDNY has 3 engines that each do 10,000 runs, only the busiest makes it to #1. Located in 1048 Simpson Rd., With sirens flashing on their firetrucks, they race to an emergency: heart attack, traffic accident,. En espaol. He spent much of his early years in special operations, an area of expertise that includes rope rescue, water rescue, and confined space. The Atlanta Fire Rescue Department provides fire protection and first responder emergency medical services to the city of Atlanta, Georgia. Box 100134 60 S. Main Alton UT 84710 435 256-5168 American Fork Fire Department Aaron Brems 96 N Center St 96 N Center St American Fork UT 84003 801 763-3045 Aneth Fire Department Arlene Begay PO Box 600 Hwy 162, M.P. [2] The department is responsible for an area of 132.6 square miles (343km2) with over 519,000 residents. Have a garden hose that is long enough to reach any area of the home and other structures on the property. Fort Bragg Fire and Emergency Services plan for the influx of thousands of on-base personnel. Privacy Policy City Attorney. Americus Fire Department in Georgia. That makes them the busiest running FIRE company in New England. This page presents a snapshot of Georgia fire losses reported through the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) in 2020. The City of Brunswick is approximately twenty-five square miles and is protected by two fire stations and 41 firefighting personnel. With those assurances, we took the total number of runs for all U.S. departments-- a combination of fire calls, emergency medical service calls and false alarms -- and factored them in with . State of Georgia government websites and email systems use or at the end of the address. ROSWELL, Ga. Firefighters are battling an apartment fire that broke out Friday morning in Roswell. Our protection area includes high-rises, suburban communities, several college campuses, five hospitals, four large shopping malls and the second busiest airport in the state. Plan several escape routes away from your home, by car and by foot. In a Facebook post, the Cohutta Police Department posted that their building is a "total . In 1988, he started an exciting career in the fire service with Canton Fire Department. The firefighters in the San Bernardino County Fire Department are extremely busy, according to a recent survey by A total of 230 fire departments took part in the annual National . Copyright 2023 Waldrup said November marked Mars Hill's busiest month, as the department responded to 122 calls. Alpharetta Fire Department in Georgia. About Us Contact Us The Prince George's County Fire and Emergency Medical Services Department is the sixteenth busiest fire department in the United States and the largest in the State of Maryland. It is unclear just how the fire started, but it was fueled by hot temperatures and strong winds. Oct. 30, 2014 Updated: Oct. 31, 2014 12:21 p.m. 8. The Atlanta Fire Rescue Department was the primary agency on scene for the crash. 0. All Rights Reserved. The shining American LaFrance steam engine known as the Viola traveled on a horse-drawn wagon through the city streets, accompanied by the Brunswick Brass Band and the Brunswick Riflemen. A majority of which were 96,000 EMS calls. Also included is information about Georgia fire departments and firefighter and home fire fatalities in 2023. Residential structure fire casualties 6.3 Deaths 17.6 Interactive real-time wildfire and forest fire map for Georgia. Newnan recently had a 39-acre fire the week of March 3. I believe that's the busiest in the nation. This counts all responses from the department.. Install spark arrestors in chimneys and stovepipes that meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association Standard 211(Contact your local fire department for exact specifications). The Atlanta Fire Rescue Department provides fire protection and first responder emergency medical services to the city of Atlanta, Georgia. Brunswick Fire Department Headquarters CLOSED: 2022 Combination Fire Department Run Survey. Rain. As of June, it stands. Our approximately 130 members, all volunteers, work out of three stations. There, homeowners enjoy the beauty of the environment, but face the very real danger of wildfires. Damages were estimated at $5 million, ($106 million when adjusted for inflation).[7]. Fairfax County Fire Station 11 in Penn Daw. In addition, seven boot camps and probation detention centers have trained wildfire teams who assist the Georgia Forestry Commission with wildfires in the North Georgia Mountains. OPEN: 2022 National Run Survey for Career Departments. We have a little bit of everything down here., Request product info from top Fire Apparatus companies. Can't remember what engine company it was but it's located in downtown San Francisco. In Michigan, Detroit is ranked 724th of 1091 cities in Fire Departments per capita, and 636th of 1091 cities in Fire Departments per square mile. Remove debris from under decks and porches. and suppliers. Savannah Fire Department 121 E Oglethorpe Avenue Savannah, GA 31401 Phone: 912-651-6754 Fax: 912-651-6756 Departments. Structure Fires in Religious and Funeral Properties, Fire Safety Challenges of Tall Wood Buildings, Phase 2: Tasks 2 & 3 Development and Implementation of Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) Compartment Fire Tests, Phase 2: Task 4 Engineering Analysis and Computer Simulations, Phase 2: Task 5 Experimental Study of Delamination of Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) in Fire, Chimney Top Devices in International Codes, Impact of Chimney-top Appurtenances on Flue Gas Flow, Egress Modelling in health Care Occupancies, Total Evac Systems for Tall Buildings Literature Review, Total evacuation systems for tall buildings, Pilot Evaluation of the Remembering When Program in Five Communities in Iowa, Aircraft Loading Walkways Literature and Information Review, Evaluating Occupant Load Factors for Ambulatory Health Care Facilities, Determining Self-Preservation Capability in Pre-School Children, Disaster Resiliency and NFPA Codes and Standards, Validation of the Fire Safety Evaluation System in the 2013 Edition of NFPA 101A, Non-Fire Hazard Provisions in NFPA Codes and Standards: A Literature Review, Fire Safety Challenges of Green Buildings, Archived reports - Building and life safety, Audible Alarm Signal Waking Effectiveness: Literature Review, Carbon Monoxide Incidents: A Review of the Data Landscape, Combustible Gas Dispersion in Residential Occupancies and Detector Location Analysis, Door Messaging Strategies: Implications for Detection and Notification, Evaluation of the Responsiveness of Occupants to Fire Alarms in Buildings: Phase 1, Review of Alarm Technologies for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Populations, Smoke Detector Spacing for High Ceiling Spaces, Smoke Alarm Nuisance Source Characterization: Experimental Results, Smoke Alarm Nuisance Source Characterization Phase 1, Fire Alarms and People with ASD: A Literature Summary, Guidance Document: Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings, Parameters for Indirect Viewing of Visual Signals USed in Emergency Notification, Carbon Monoxide Diffusion through Porous Walls: A Critical Review of Literature and Incidents, Carbon Monoxide Toxicology: Overview of Altitude Effects on the Uptake and Dissociation of COHb and Oxygen in Human Blood, Archived reports - Detection and signaling, Electric Circuit Data Collection: An Analysis of Health Care Facilities, Fire resistance of concrete for electrical conductors, Fatal Electrical Injuries of Contract Workers, Occupational Injuries from Electrical Shock and Arc Flash Events, Assessment of Hazardous Voltage/Current in Marinas, Boatyards and Floating Buildings, Emergency Response to Incident Involving Electric Vehicle Battery Hazards, Electric/Hybrid Vehicle Safety Training for Emergency Responders, Development of Fire Mitigations Solutions for PV Systems Installed on Building Roofs - Phase 1, Evaluation of Electrical Feeder and Branch Circuit Loading: Phase 1, Electronic cigarette explosions and fires, Data Assessment for Electrical Surge Protection Devices, Analytical Modeling of Pan and Oil Heating On an Electric Coil Cooktop, Development of Standardized Cooking Fires for Evaluation of Prevention Technologies, Commercial Roof-Mounted Photovoltaic System Installation Best Practices Review and All Hazard Assessment, Residential Electrical Fire Problem: The Data Landscape, NFPA 1700 Training Materials: Development of Training Materials to Support the Implementation of NFPA 1700, Guide for Structural Fire Fighting, Literature Review on Spaceport Fire Safety, An Analysis of Public Safety Call Answering and Event Processing Times, Development of real-time particulate and toxic gas sensors for firefighter health and safety, Economic Impact of Firefighter Injuries in the United States, Evaluating Data and Voice Signals in Pathway Survivable Cables for Life Safety Systems, Fire and Emergency Service Personnel Knowledge and Skills Proficiency, Incidents with Three or More Firefighter Deaths, Firefighter deaths by cause and nature of injury table, Deadliest fires with 5 or more firefighter deaths at the fire ground table, Incidents resulting in the deaths of 8 or more firefighters table, Top 10 Deadliest Wildland Firefighter Fatality Incidents table, Fireground Exposure of Firefighters A Literature Review, Flammable refrigerants firefighter training: Hazard assessment and demonstrative testing, Next Generation Smart and Connected Fire Fighter System, Public Safety Small Unmanned Aerial Systems (sUAS) Compliance Training: Literature Review & Use Case Study, Review of Emergency Responder Standard Operating Procedures/Guidelines (SOP/SOG), Patterns of Female Firefighter Injuries on the Fireground, Evaluation of the Performance of Station Wear Worn under a NFPA 1971 Structural Fire Fighter Protective Ensemble, Recommendations for Developing and Implementing a Fire Service Contamination Control Campaign, Non-Destructive Assessment of Outer Shell Degradation for Firefighter Turnouts, Fire Fighter Equipment Operational Environment: Evaluation of Thermal Conditions, Developing a Research Roadmap for the Smart Fire Fighter of the Future, Evaluation and Enhancement of Fire Fighter PASS EffectivenessSection Page, Development of Permeation Test Method for Zippers and Other Closures, Evaluation of Intrinsic Safety for Emergency Responder Electronic Safety Equipment, Automotive Fire Apparatus Tire Replacement, Risk-Based Decision Support in Managing Unwanted Alarms, Impact of Fixed Fire Fighting Systems on Road Tunnel Resilience, Ventilation and Other Systems, High Hazard Flammable Trains (HHFT) On-Scene Incident Commander Field Guide, Liquid Petroleum Pipeline Emergencies On-Scene Incident Commander Field Guide, Analysis of Recruit Initial Fire Fighter Training Curricula, Using Crowdsourcing to Address Electric Vehicle Fires, Evaluation of Fire Service Training Fires, Development of an Environmental and Economic Assessment Tool (Enveco Tool) for Fire Events, Fire Based Mobile Integrated Healthcare and Community Paramedicine (MIH & CP) Data and Resources, Combustible Dust Flame Propagation and Quenching in Pipes and Ducts, Light Gas (Hydrogen) Dispersion Screening Tool, Variables Impacting the Probability and Severity of Dust Explosions in Dust Collectors, Evaluation of fire and explosion hazard of nanoparticles, Fire Hazard Assessment of Lead-Acid Batteries, Influence of particle size and moisture content of wood particulates on deflagration hazard, Vapor mitigation testing using fixed water spray system, Variables Associated with the Classification of Ammonium Nitrate | NFPA, Separation Distances in NFPA Codes and Standards, Evaluation of the Fire Hazard of ASHRAE Class A3 Refrigerants in Commercial Refrigeration Applications, Hazardous Waste Treatment Storage and Disposal Facility Fire Code Gap Analysis, Estimation of Fireball Dimensions from NFPA 68, LNG model evaluation protocol and validation database update, Hazard Assessment of Lithium Ion Battery Energy Storage Systems, Lithium ion batteries hazard and use assessment, Impact of Elevated Walkways in Storage on Sprinkler Protection - Phase 1, Impact of Home Fire Sprinkler System Requirements in California, Impact of Obstructions on Spray Sprinklers Phase I, Obstructions and Early Suppression Fast Response Sprinklers, Review of Oxygen Reduction Systems for Warehouse Storage Applications, Sprinkler Protection Guidance for Lithium-Ion Based Energy Storage Systems, Stakeholder Perceptions of Home Fire Sprinklers, Applying Reliability Based Decision Making to ITM Frequency, Storage Protection in the Presence of Horizontal Barriers or Solid Shelving Literature Review, Protection of Storage Under Sloped Ceilings, Fire Department Connection Inlet Flow Assessment, Use of Gaseous Suppression Systems in High Air Flow Environments - Phase 1, Quantification of Water Flow Data Adjustments for Sprinkler System Design, Water-Based Fire Protection System Tagging Review, Addressing the Performance of Sprinkler Systems: NFPA 25 and Other Strategies, Foam Application for High Hazard Flammable Train (HHFT) Fires, Impact of Fire Extinguisher Agents on Cultural Resource Materials, Protection of Exposed Expanded Group A Plastics, Literature Review on Hybrid Fire Suppression Systems, Evaluation of Water Additives for Fire Control, Fire ember production from wildland and structural fuels, WUI-NITY: a platform for the simulation of wildland-urban interface fire evacuation, Pathways for Building Fire Spread at the Wildland Urban Interface, A Collection of Geospatial Technological Approaches for Wildland and Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) Fire Events, Flammable refrigerants: Fire Fighter Training Material Development Workshop, NFPA Building Safety and Security Workshop, Workshop on School Safety, Codes and Security - December 2014, Preparing for Disaster: Workshop on Advancing WUI Resilience, Public Safety sUAS Compliance Training Workshop, Global Research Update: High Challenge Storage Protection, Workshop for Survey on Usage and Functionality of Smoke Alarms and CO Alarms in Households, Big Data and Fire Protection Systems Workshop, Power Over the Ethernet (PoE) Summit: Next Steps, Workshop on Energy Storage Systems and the Built Environment, Marina Shock Hazard Research Planning Workshop, Property Insurance Research Group Forum on PV Panel Fire Risk, Workshop on Smart Buildings and Fire Safety, The Next Five Years in Fire and Electrical Safety, Resiliency and Emergency Preparedness Workshop, Workshop Proceedings on Emergency Responder Vehicles, Fire Hose Workshop in Support of the Technical Committee, Competencies for Responders to Incidents of Flammable Liquids in Transport Developing a Codes and Standards Roadmap, Workshop on Key Performance Capabilities and Competencies for High Hazard Incident Commander, Workshop on International Wildfire Risk Reduction, Wildland and WUI Fire Research Planning Workshop, Wildland Urban Interface Land Use Policy Workshop, Economic Impact of Codes and Standards: A Workshop on Needs and Resources, Energy Storage Systems (ESS) and Solar Safety, Campaign for Fire Service Contamination Control, Environmental impact of fire - Research road map, WUINITY a platform for the simulation of wildlandurban interface fire evacuation, Protection of Storage Under Sloped Ceilings Phase 3, Safe Quantity of Open Medical Gas Storage in a Smoke Compartment, PPE and Fire Service Gear Cleaning Validation, Stranded Energy within Lithium-Ion Batteries, Fire Fighter Flammable Refrigerant Training, Influence of wood particulate size and moisture content on deflagration hazard, Enhancing Incident Commander Competencies for Management of Incidents Involving Pipeline and Rail Car Spills of Flammable Liquids, The Fire Protection Research Foundation's 40th Anniversary, NFPA Community Risk Assessment Pilot Project, About the NFPA Research Library and Archives, Firefighter Injuries in the United States in 2019, Large-Loss Fires in the United States in 2019, Catastrophic Fires and Explosions in the United States in 2019, Catastrophic Multiple-Death Fires and Explosions by Type in 2019, Report: Firefighter Fatalities in the United States in 2019, Selected 2019 US Firefighter Fatality Incidents, Addressing Stranded Energy Starts with Learning More About It, 2018 Large-Loss Fires and Explosions in the United States Report, Selected 2018 US Firefighter Injury Incidents, Nonmetallic tubes: No longer a pipe dream, International: Again, Russian mall fires spark outcry, suspicion, 2018 Fire Loss in the United States report, 2018 Catastrophic Multiple-Death Fires Report, Firefighter Fatalities in the United States in 2018, Selected 2018 US Firefighter Fatality Incidents, 2017 Catastrophic Multiple Death Fire Report.
Ponca City Now Obituaries, Kansas City Breaking News Car Accident, What Happened To Jj On Days Of Our Lives, Connectlax Vs Sportsrecruits, Articles B